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Fixed Deposit (FD) Interest Rates- Check Fixed Deposit Rates Online

With a fixed deposit (FD), you may grow a lump sum at an interest rate that is set over a certain period of time. It is a secure investment choice with stable interest rates. It has no market-related risks, several interest payment alternatives, and preferential interest rates for older folks.

You receive strong returns upon maturity, or after the lock-in period, and the interest rate is unaffected by changes in the market. You have the option of receiving your interest either at maturity or on a recurring basis. The funds cannot be removed before maturity, but it can be withdrawn upon payment of a penalty. This is often the distinguishing characteristic of an FD.

What Is a Fixed Deposit (FD)?

A fixed deposit being a kind of investment plan in which the investor places money down for a predetermined amount of time in exchange for interest. Fixed-rate investments (FDs) offer minimal risk investment options due to their guaranteed fixed interest rates.

The financial institution, the kind of FD, the length of the deposit, and the kind of customer all affect the interest rates on FDs that are provided.

Feature Details
Fixed Deposits A type of deposit where you can earn interest by depositing a fixed amount for certain tenure.
Who Provides? All Banks and NBFCs
How to Open Can be opened online and offline
Risk Meter No, risk as it is governed by RBI
Types of FDs Standard, Tax Savings, Special, Corporate, Regular, Senior Citizen, Flexi
Is there any fixed deposit scheme for NRIs? Yes, NRE (Non-resident External) and NRO (Non-resident Ordinary)
Premature Withdrawal Subject to Bank’s norms (Usually, there is a penalty on the interest rate)
How to Calculate FD Interest? You can use the FD interest rate calculator available over the internet.

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How Fixed Deposit (FD) Accounts Work?

An investment option with a guaranteed return that banks, non-banking financial companies, and the India Post Office provide is a fixed deposit. It enables you to earn interest at a greater rate than your bank or postal office savings account by making a one-time lump sum investment for a certain amount of time.

An FD may be for a duration of seven days to ten years. Depending on how long you leave your funds with the financial institution, it begins to accrue interest as soon as you make it. The ability to withdraw funds before the deposit’s maturity date is its primary regulation. However, there will be a penalty if you want to withdraw your FD early.

Your choice of time period is flexible with fixed deposits. Stated differently, it remains open for so long that you have available dollars.

A premature withdrawal option is provided by certain banks; however the interest rate is lowered.

The principal and interest are credited to the account’s holder’s bank account by the bank on the maturity date.

Prior to making an investment, you should be aware of the kind of investment and its features. In order to assist you make an informed choice, it is crucial to comprehend what a fixed deposit is and to use an FD calculator to determine the amount to be deposited and the rate of interest you will earn.

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How are FD Interest Rates determined?

When taking into account the deposit amount, rate of interest, and investment length, computing interest of fixed deposits is straightforward. Interest on FD = Total Invested x the rate of interest x (Duration/12 months) is the fundamental formula.

But depending on whether you choose a cumulative or just non-cumulative FD, the interest amount fluctuates. As an illustration, let’s look at depositing Rs. 50,000 for a period of five years at a yield rate of 8.5% per year. A cumulative FD in this case would have a maturity worth Rs. 76,140.

Amount Interest rate (p.a.) Interest earned per annum
Rs. 1,00,000 6.0 % Rs. 6,000.00
Rs. 1,00,000 6.5 % Rs. 6,500.00
Rs. 1,00,000 7.0 % Rs. 7,000.00
Rs. 1,00,000 7.5 % Rs. 7,500.00
Rs. 1,00,000 8.0 % Rs. 8,000.00
Rs. 1,00,000 8.5 % Rs. 8,500.00
Rs. 1,00,000 9.0 % Rs. 9,000.00
Rs. 1,00,000 9.5 % Rs. 9,500.00
Rs. 1,00,000 10.0 % Rs. 10,000.00
Rs. 1,00,000 10.5 % Rs. 10,500.00

Who should invest in Fixed Deposits (FD)?

For a number of reasons, fixed deposits are a popular choice for investors. It provides quick liquidity, tax benefits, flexible tenure, low risk, and fixed returns. A broad spectrum of investors can benefit from FDs, depending on their investing goals and portfolio. The following categories of investors ought to make fixed deposit investments:

  1. Novice investors: If you’re interested in learning more about fixed income instruments, FDs are a great investing alternative. These investors are able to progressively expand their holdings after making modest initial contributions.
  2. Retirement planning: Investing in fixed deposits is a low-risk way for people to build up a retirement corpus. This investment shields seniors’ funds from market swings while giving them a steady stream of guaranteed income.
  3. Investors who are conservative: FDs are a great option for those who want low-risk, secure investments. The goal of conservative investors is to steer clear of the return swings associated with risky investment products.
  4. Short-term objectives: Fixed deposit investments can help investors meet their short-term financial goals. Term lengths for FDs vary between a few weeks to a few years in length. Investors might achieve their short-term financial objectives by using the interest they get on their investments.
  5. Emergency funds: If you want to set away money for emergencies, FDs are a good investing choice. In comparison to savings accounts, they provide better interest rates and quick liquidity with early withdrawal penalties.

Advantages of Fixed Deposit (FD)

 Before learning the definition and characteristics of a fixed deposit, continue reading to discover the many advantages it provides:

  1. Guaranteed Returns

Return assurance is one of the key benefits of investing in an account with a fixed deposit. Compared to other investing vehicles such as mutual funds, this implies that there are no risks. You will get a set interest rate on your investment when the FD matures.

  1. Simple to open

It just takes a few minutes to start a Fixed Deposit account. You have two options: apply online or ask someone in management to open it when you stroll into the bank branch that is closest to you.

  1. An increased interest rate

Compared to savings accounts and other term deposits, fixed deposits allow users to earn greater interest rates.

  1. Adaptable Tenure

A FD account can be opened for duration of seven days to ten years.

  1. A number of FD accounts

It is possible for you to have many FD accounts open at the same time. You may always start another FD account if you want to invest more money at any time.

  1. Extra Tax Advantage

According to Section 80C of the Indian Income Tax Act of 1961, you are eligible to obtain a tax exemption of not more than INR 1, 50,000.

Features of a Fixed Deposit (FD)

We covered the many definitions of fixed deposits in the section above. Now that you know what a fixed deposit is and whether it’s right for you, you must additionally be aware of its essential characteristics:

  • There can only be one deposit of the whole. You should open a fresh fixed deposit if you would want to make more deposits.
  • When compared to a savings account, the interest rate is greater.
  • The term might be anything from 7 days to 10 years. Fixed deposits are easily renewed.
  • Prior to the maturity period, withdrawals are not permitted. Should an emergency withdrawal occur, the account holder will be responsible for paying the penalty?

How to open a Fixed deposit Account?

Now that we are clear on the definition of a fixed deposit, let’s look at how to open one. It is possible to open a Fixed Deposit account offline or online.

  1. Online Process

You may simply create an FD account instantly as an investor and take advantage of features like simple renewal, closure, and payment processes. The procedure could differ throughout banks. The general steps you must take to create an online FD account are as follows:

  • To create a fixed deposit account, go to the bank’s official website, NBFC Bank.
  • Make an ID or sign in with an already-existing ID.
  • Choose the choice for an FD account.
  • Enter the required information, including the principal amount, nomination, duration, etc.
  • Verify your information and submit your payment.
  • For future use, don’t forget to download the receipt.
  1. Offline process

Even if you already have an account with a bank, you are still able to create an FD account there. The procedure for starting a savings account (FD) is the same regardless of whether you currently have an account with a financial institution or not. Here is how to do it: –

  • Using an existing account: Complete the FD application and send it to your local branch.
  • Without an active account: To complete your KYC, you will need to submit the FD application form together with identification and address verification papers, among other documentation.

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FD taxation

You must pay taxes on the interest you accrue on your fixed deposit. It is first included in your income and subsequently subject to tax at the applicable slab rates. It must be reported on your tax return in the “Income from other sources” section.

It’s crucial to keep in mind that TDS is only removed upon crediting the FD interest rate, not upon the FD maturing. As a result, the tax on your three-year FD will be subtracted at the conclusion of each year.

If the total amount of interest credited to your account exceeds ₹40,000, banks will subtract tax at source (TDS). However, older folks are limited to ₹50,000.

How is the FD Interest Calculated?

It is a dependable way to increase and protect your funds. Your fixed deposit’s interest rate is determined by its duration and payment frequency.

The following formula may be used to determine FD’s interest: –

A = P(1 + r/n)*t.

Where,

A: Amount of maturity

P: Principal sum

r : Stands for interest rate.

n: Frequency of compound interest

t: The number of years

The frequency of distributions and the bank’s prorated rate determine the interest payout on a fixed deposit at maturity. Either simple interest or compound interest is used to compute the interest on the principal amount. The sum that must be paid upon maturity is greater in compound interest cases because interest is computed on the principal following each compounding.

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Eligibility for FD account 

In India, the following organizations are able to create a Fixed Deposit account: –

  • Indian citizens
  • NRI 
  • Elderly people
  • Joint Venture Companies
  • Businesses
  • Clubs and Societies
  • One-person business
  • Investors alone or in tandem

How investors can Boost Financial Portfolio Using Fixed Deposits?

As we approach the answer to the query, “What is a fixed deposit?” you may be wondering if a savings plan may actually contribute to a better financial portfolio.

This is how a FD may assist you in achieving that:

  1. Connect your bank FD to your savings account

Your Savings account allows you to set up an automated transfer of funds into a fixed-term deposit if the account balance reaches a specific threshold, such as Rs 25,000. You may link them with your savings account, enabling automatic transfers to a fixed deposit in multiples of Rs 5,000, depending on the bank account.

However, you also have the option of using your savings account to make a regular deposit. By doing this, you would establish financial discipline and guarantee consistent savings. Verify that the length of your FD corresponds to the amount of time you intend to use to reach your intended financial objective. Additionally, take your financial standing and cash-flow requirements into consideration while selecting between the quarterly and monthly interest payout plans and the cumulative plan.

  1. Be adaptable while setting financial objectives

For example, you should choose a short-term FD if you want to strive for a goal that will only last a few months. On the other hand, pick a long-term-based fixed deposit if you would want to go with a long-term objective. To increase your own wealth, you must select the “reinvestment of interest” strategy in both situations.

  1. Flexibility in Payment

Selecting either quarterly or monthly interest distributions straight to the bank account can help you manage your cash-flow demands if you want to make regular revenue out of the fixed deposit.

When interest rates are high, try to save money with a fixed deposit to take advantage of the higher rate of returns and maybe stave off inflation.

  1. Additional Advice

Additionally, keep an eye out for financial institutions that are giving FD interest rates that are exceptionally high, since this might put your invested cash at risk.

Steer clear of the practice of taking your FD out too soon. Early withdrawals limit the ability of compounding and impede the process of creating wealth. Additionally, in the event that you require the funds prior to the FD matures, you have the option to take out a loan against it. Additionally, if your FD has reached maturity and you don’t need the sum of money right away, make sure to renew it.

Having a fixed deposit reinforces your financial stability and lifts your spirits. An FD’s greatest feature is its ease of use and convenience. Whichever suits your comfort level; you can open a fixed deposit (FD) online or offline after learning what one is and how it operates.

Types of Fixed Deposits in India

In India, different banks provide different kinds of fixed deposits. On the other hand, cumulative and non-cumulative FDs are the two main types. In cumulative deposits, interest is paid at maturity together with the principal amount. On the other hand, interest is paid in addition to the deposit’s currency in the event of a non-cumulative deposit. On the other hand, both programs have the same interest rate.

Interest on non-cumulative deposits is typically paid quarterly; if it is paid monthly, it is reduced. In addition, you can receive interest payments on a monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, or annual basis, depending on your convenience. In the event of a cumulative deposit, interest is compounded quarterly.

Regarding the typical kinds of FD accounts that are offered by banks in India, there are several fixed deposit plans accessible. Let’s immediately examine the FD types:

  1. Standard FD

It is the typical FD plan that all banks provide. Among the attributes are: 

  • Deposited funds have a set term.
  • The bank sets the interest rate in advance.
  • The tenure period is seven days to ten years.
  • A savings account’s interest rate is lower than this one.
  1. Fixed Deposits That Save Taxes

These deposits, as their name suggests, help reduce taxes and are offered by practically all banks.

  • Up to Rs. 1.5 lakh in tax exemptions are available each year.
  • These FDs have a five-year lock-in term during which you are unable to withdraw the whole amount.
  • The only accepted payments are lump sums made once.
  1. Special FD

These funds are invested for predetermined periods of time, much as regular FDs. The main distinction is that you will receive more interest than with Standard FDs if you do not remove the money within the allotted time.

  1. Fixed Income Regular Deposits

This kind of FD is ideal if your monthly costs are covered by the interest earned on bank deposits and you have a restricted income. Interest payments are available on a monthly or quarterly basis.

  1. Senior citizen Fixed Deposit
  • Senior residents over 60 years of age are eligible to open a fixed deposit account (FD) under the senior citizens’ fixed deposit plan.
  • An extra rate of interest of around 0.50% is offered by these FD schemes over the standard interest rates.
  • This concept allows for adjustable tenure as well.
  • Fixed Deposit Flexibility
  • This kind of FD is connected to the savings account you have.
  • You can link your savings account to an FD that you open and fund with a preferred initial deposit.
  • Additionally, you have the option to cap your savings, with any excess going into an FD.
  1. Fixed Deposits for Companies and Other Entities

Corporate/ Company Fixed Deposits are deposits made by investors with corporations for a predetermined amount of time at a predetermined interest rate. This kind of deposit is also provided by financial organizations and non-banking financial institutions (NBFCs).

Schemes for corporate fixed deposits give greater returns on the money you invest, but picking the correct provider is crucial. Good company funds give the best interest rates on FDs, so if you participate in one of these schemes, you will often earn more than if you buy in a bank fund. Reputable credit rating companies like CRISIL allow you to verify the company’s credit ratings before making an investment. These deposits are unprotected, which makes them a bit of a dangerous investment choice because the investor can’t sell the papers to recoup their money if the firm defaults.

Types of NRI Fixed Deposits 

For non-resident Indians, there are two kinds of fixed deposit accounts: non-resident ordinary (NRO) and non-resident external (NRE).

  1. Fixed Deposits for NRE 

The greatest candidates for NRE FDs are individuals who earn foreign money and want to convert it to Indian currency equivalent. An NRE FD account are intriguing since it allows one to receive both the principal and interest amount, and the interest received on the initial investment is tax-free. The only drawback is that the amount deposited may be impacted by changes in exchange rates.

  1. Fixed Deposits NRO

According to the Income Tax Act of 1961, interest income from NRO fixed deposits is taxed at a rate of thirty percent. In addition to the interest earned, the principal amount up to a predetermined bracket or maximum can also be repatriated in full. The benefit here is that, in contrast to NRE FDs, NRO fixed deposits carry no exchange rate fluctuation risk. You can fund your NRO account with either international or Indian currencies. Thus, NRO FDs may be the ideal option for managing your money inside India if you live overseas and your whole income includes profits from India.

How can one fund an account for an online fixed deposit? 

You may use Net banking, UPI, and debit cards to transfer money from other bank accounts to build an online fixed deposit account. If you currently have an account with a reputable Indian bank and have enabled Internet banking, you may use it to schedule an online FD whenever it’s convenient for you.

Interest rate comparison of Fixed deposit account of different banks 

This table shows the comparison in FD interest rates of different banks in India: 

Bank Name Tenure Highest Interest Rate
AXIS Bank 6 months to 5 years 5.75% to 7.00%
SBI Bank 3 months to 10 years 4.75% to 6.50%
Equitas Bank 7 days to 10 years 3.50% to 7.25%
HDFC Bank 3 months to 10 years 4.50% to 7.00%
ICICI Bank 3 months to 10 years 4.50% to 6.90%
Canara Bank 3 months to 10 years 5.50% to 6.70%
Bank of Baroda 3 months to 10 years 5.50% to 6.50%
Punjab National Bank 3 months to 10 years 4.50% to 6.50%
IDBI Bank 3 months to 20 years 4.50% to 4.80%
Indian Bank 3 months to 10 years 3.50% to 6.10%

Making wise investing selections is made possible by having a solid understanding of fixed deposits (FDs). Now that you are aware of their function, opening procedure, and interest rate environment, you may use FDs to help you reach your financial objectives. Recall that comparing rates from several banks guarantees you’ll get the best possible return. Funds for emergencies (FDs) provide a safe and dependable way to increase your savings, regardless of your goals—long-term wealth growth or short-term stability. With confidence, therefore, set off on your FD adventure, knowing that you have selected a reliable route to financial stability.

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